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The Arrival of the British and the End of Ahom Rule in Assam

How British Rule Began in Assam ??? Assam’s rich history includes a period of significant transition as British colonial rule extended its reach into the region during the early 19th century. This article delves into the circumstances surrounding the beginning of British control and the subsequent impact it had on Assam.

The Weakening Ahom Dynasty:

The Ahom dynasty, which ruled Assam for nearly six centuries, experienced a period of internal strife and instability in the years leading up to British involvement. This included conflicts with neighboring kingdoms, such as the Burmese, as well as internal power struggles. The resultant weakening of the Ahom kingdom created an opening for outside intervention.

The Burmese Invasion and British Intervention:

In 1817, the Burmese invaded Assam, leading to a brutal period of occupation. Many Ahom nobles sought assistance from the British East India Company, which saw an opportunity to establish its own dominance in the region. The resulting Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) ultimately led to the defeat of the Burmese forces and the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826.

The Treaty of Yandaboo and British Expansion: (How British Rule Began in Assam)

The Treaty of Yandaboo marked a pivotal moment in Assam’s history, as it effectively brought the region under British control. While an Ahom king was initially reinstalled, the British retained significant influence and administrative power in Assam. Over the following years, the British progressively annexed various parts of Assam, further consolidating their hold on the region.

Consequences of British Rule:

The establishment of British rule introduced profound changes to Assam. The British administration brought new systems of governance, law, and revenue collection. They also initiated large-scale tea cultivation, transforming the social and economic landscape of the region. While certain infrastructure developments occurred, British policies often fueled economic exploitation and disruption of traditional Assamese society.


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